Ngawaphi amalungu afanelekileyo kumatshini ochanekileyo

Ngawaphi amalungu afanelekileyo kumatshini ochanekileyo

Siyazi ukuba ukuchaneka kwe-machining kuneemfuno eziphezulu zokuchaneka, ukuchaneka kwe-machining kunokuqina okulungileyo, ukuchaneka okuphezulu kokuvelisa, kunye nokuseta izixhobo ezichanekileyo, ngoko kunokusebenza iindawo ezineemfuno ezichanekileyo.Ke ngawaphi amalungu alungele ukwenziwa komatshini ochanekileyo?Oku kulandelayo kwaziswa nguXiaobian:

Okokuqala, xa kuthelekiswa neentambo eziqhelekileyo, iileyile ze-CNC zinomsebenzi wokusika umgca wesantya, kungakhathaliseki ukuba ubuso be-lathe okanye i-diameter yangaphandle yeedayamitha ezahlukeneyo zinokucutshungulwa ngesantya esifanayo somgca, oko kukuthi, kukuqinisekisa ixabiso elilinganayo loburhabaxa. kwaye incinci ngokwentelekiso .I-lathe eqhelekileyo inesantya esiqhubekayo, kwaye isantya sokusika siyahluka kunye nobubanzi.Xa izinto eziphathekayo ze-workpiece kunye nesixhobo, isibonelelo sokugqiba kunye ne-angle yesixhobo sihlala sihlala, ubuninzi bomhlaba buxhomekeke kwisantya sokusika kunye nesantya sokutya.

Xa kusetyenzwa iindawo ezinoburhabaxa obuhlukeneyo bomphezulu, isantya esincinci sokutya sisetyenziselwa indawo enoburhabaxa obuncinci, kwaye isantya sokutya esiphakamileyo sisetyenziselwa indawo enoburhabaxa obukhulu, obunokuguquguquka okuhle, okunzima ukufezekisa kwiilatha eziqhelekileyo. .Iindawo ezintsonkothileyo ezijijekileyo.Nayiphi na ijika yendiza inokuqikelelwa ngomgca othe ngqo okanye i-arc ejikelezayo.I-CNC yokuchaneka kwe-machining inomsebenzi we-circular interpolation, ekwazi ukucubungula iindawo ezahlukeneyo zecontour.Ukusetyenziswa kwe-cnc precision machining kufuna ukusetyenziswa ngononophelo komsebenzisi.

CNC ukuchaneka machining ikakhulu kubandakanya ukujika kakuhle, ukudinwa kakuhle, ukungqusha kakuhle, ukusila kakuhle kunye neenkqubo zokusila:

(1) Ukujika okucokisekileyo kunye nokudinwa kakuhle: Uninzi lwealloy yokukhanya echanekileyo (i-aluminium okanye i-magnesium alloy) iindawo zenqwelo-moya zilungiswa ngale ndlela.Izixhobo zedayimani zekristale enye yendalo zisetyenziswa ngokubanzi, kwaye iradiyasi ye-arc yomphetho weblade ingaphantsi kwe-0.1 micron.Ukucutshungulwa kwi-lathe ephezulu echanekileyo kunokufikelela kwi-micron echanekileyo kunye nokungalingani komphezulu kunye nokwahlukana kobude obuphakathi kwe-0.2 micron, kunye nokulungelelanisa ukuchaneka kunokufikelela kwi-± 2 micron.

(2) Ukugaya okucokisekileyo: kusetyenziselwa ukwenza ialuminiyam okanye i-beryllium alloy alloy parts enemilo entsonkothileyo.Thembela ekuchanekeni kwesikhokelo kunye ne-spindle yesixhobo somatshini ukuze ufumane ukuchaneka kwesikhundla esiphezulu.Isantya esiphezulu sokusila ngeengcebiso zedayimani ezigayiweyo ngononophelo zemigangatho yesipili echanekileyo.

(3) Ukusila kakuhle: kusetyenziselwa ukwenza ishafti yomatshini okanye iindawo zomngxuma.Uninzi lwala malungu enziwe ngentsimbi eqinile kwaye anobunzima obuphezulu.Uninzi lwezijikelezo zomatshini wokusila ezichanekileyo zisebenzisa i-hydrostatic okanye iibheringi zoxinzelelo oluguquguqukayo zolwelo ukuqinisekisa uzinzo oluphezulu.Ukongeza kwimpembelelo yokuqina komatshini wokuphotha umatshini kunye nombhede, ukuchaneka kokugqibela kokugaya kuhambelana nokukhethwa kunye nokulinganisela kwevili lokugaya kunye nokuchaneka komatshini womgodi ophakathi kwendawo yokusebenza.Ukugaya okulungileyo kunokufikelela ukuchaneka kwe-dimensional ye-micron eyi-1 kunye nokuphuma ngaphandle kwe-0.5 micron.

(4) Ukugaya: Ukukhetha kunye nokucubungula iindawo eziphakanyisiweyo ezingaqhelekanga kumphezulu ukuba ziqhutywe kusetyenziswa umgaqo wophando oludibeneyo lwamalungu ahambelanayo.I-abrasive particle diameter, amandla okusika kunye nokushisa okusika kunokulawulwa ngokuchanekileyo, ngoko ke yeyona ndlela ichanekileyo yokucoca iteknoloji yobugcisa obuchanekileyo.Amacandelo e-hydraulic okanye i-pneumatic mating yeendawo ezichanekileyo ze-servo zenqwelomoya kunye neendawo ezithwele i-dynamic pressure gyro motor zonke zicutshungulwa ngale ndlela ukufezekisa ukuchaneka kwe-0.1 okanye i-0.01 micron kunye ne-micro ukungalingani kwe-0.005 micron.


Ixesha lokuposa: May-27-2020

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